Factors are numbers we can multiply together to get another number:

Example: 2 and 3 are factors of 6, because 2 × 3 = 6.

A number can have MANY factors!

Example: What are the factors of 12?

3 and 4 are factors of 12, because 3 × 4 = 12.

Also 2 × 6 = 12 so 2 and 6 are also factors of 12.

And 1 × 12 = 12 so 1 and 12 are factors of 12 as well.

So 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 are all factors of 12

And -1, -2, -3, -4, -6 and -12 also, because multiplying negatives makes a positive.

In Algebra, factors are what we can multiply together to get an expression.

(x+3) and (x+1) are factors of x

Example: 2 and 3 are factors of 6, because 2 × 3 = 6.

A number can have MANY factors!

Example: What are the factors of 12?

3 and 4 are factors of 12, because 3 × 4 = 12.

Also 2 × 6 = 12 so 2 and 6 are also factors of 12.

And 1 × 12 = 12 so 1 and 12 are factors of 12 as well.

So 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 are all factors of 12

And -1, -2, -3, -4, -6 and -12 also, because multiplying negatives makes a positive.

In Algebra, factors are what we can multiply together to get an expression.

(x+3) and (x+1) are factors of x

^{2}+ 4x + 3:
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