Subtraction is ...
... taking one number away from another.
|Start with 5 apples,
then subtract 2,
we are left with 3 apples.
This can be written:
5 − 2 = 3
Try It Yourself
You get good at subtraction with practice...
... so use Math Trainer - Subtraction to train yourself!
You can also "look up" answers for simple subtraction using this table:
Example: Find 8 - 5
- find the row starting with "8"
- move along till you are under the column "5"
- and there is the number "3", so 8 − 5 = 3
Other names used in subtraction are Minus, Less, Difference, Decrease, Take Away, Deduct.
The names of the numbers in a subtraction fact are:
Minuend - Subtrahend = Difference
Minuend: The number that is to be subtracted from.
Subtrahend: The number that is to be subtracted.
Difference: The result of subtracting one number from another.
Subtracting Larger Numbers
To subtract numbers with more than one digit (such as "42-25") use any of these methods, choose the one you prefer:
|Subtraction with Regrouping (also called "Borrowing")
This is the method most people use!
|Quick Subtraction (more complicated, but can be faster)|
|Subtraction using Addition (also called the Complements Method)|
For practice try these Subtraction Worksheets