# Subtraction

## Subtraction is ...

... taking one number away from another.

 If you have 5 apples, then subtract 2, you will be left with 3. This would be written: 5 - 2 = 3

## Try It Yourself

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## Train Yourself

You get good at subtraction with practice...

... so we have developed Math Trainer - Subtraction to help get you trained!

## Subtraction Table

You can "look up" answers for simple subtraction using this table:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
00
110
2210
33210
443210
5543210
66543210
776543210
8876543 210
99876543210
10109876543210
1111109876543210
121211109876543210

### Example: Find 8 - 5

• find the row starting with "8"
• move along till you are under the column "5"
• and there is the number "3", so 8 - 5 = 3

## Names

Other names used in subtraction are Minus, Less, Difference, Decrease, Take Away, Deduct.

The names of the numbers in a subtraction fact are:

 Minuend - Subtrahend = Difference Minuend: The number that is to be subtracted from. Subtrahend: The number that is to be subtracted. Difference: The result of subtracting one number from another.

## Subtracting Larger Numbers

To subtract numbers with more than one digit (such as "42-25"), use any one of these methods, choose whichever you prefer:

 Subtraction with Regrouping (also called "Borrowing") This is the method most people use! Quick Subtraction (more complicated, but can be faster) Subtraction using Addition (also called the Complements Method)

## Worksheets

For practice try these Subtraction Worksheets