# Transformations

### These are Transformations:

Rotation | Turn! | |
---|---|---|

Reflection | Flip! | |

Translation | Slide! |

After any of those transformations (turn, flip or slide), the shape still has the same size, area, angles and line lengths. |

## Resizing

The other important Transformation is **Resizing** (also called** ***dilation, contraction, compression, enlargement* or even *expansion*). The shape becomes bigger or smaller:

Resizing |
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## Congruent or Similar

If one shape can become another using only Turns, Flips and/or Slides, then the two shapes are called **Congruent**.

Two shapes are **Similar** if you need to **Resize** for one shape to become another (you may also Turn, Flip and/or Slide).

So, if one shape can become another using transformation, the two shapes might be Congruent or just Similar

If one shape becomes another ... |
The shapes are ... |
|||

... using only Rotate, Reflect and/or Translate |
## Congruent |
|||

... using a Resize (may also Rotate, Reflect and/or Translate) |
## Similar |