Subtraction by "Regrouping"
(Also called "borrowing" or "trading")
To subtract numbers with more than one digit:
write down the larger number first and the smaller number directly below it
making sure to line up the columns!
- then do subtractions one column at a time like this (press play button):
Smaller Number - Bigger Number
But what if a column has a smaller number on the top?
How do we do 2 - 5 ?
Make the "2" larger by "regrouping" (press arrow button):
And we get:
And here is how to do it with a pencil and paper:
We use this method whenever a column has a smaller number on top, as in this example:
But we can't regroup from zero ...
But we can make a "0" into a "10" by regrouping it first, them carry on normally, like this:
Now, you can practice with these Subtraction Worksheets