Degree (of an Expression)
"Degree" can mean several things in mathematics:
 In Geometry a degree (°) is a way of measuring angles,
 But here we look at what degree means in Algebra.
In Algebra "Degree" is sometimes called "Order"
Degree of a Polynomial (with one variable)
A polynomial looks like this:
example of a polynomial this one has 3 terms 
The Degree (for a polynomial with one variable, like x) is:
the largest exponent of that variable.
More Examples:
4x  The Degree is 1 (a variable without an exponent actually has an exponent of 1) 

4x^{3} − x + 3  The Degree is 3 (largest exponent of x)  
x^{2} + 2x^{5} − x  The Degree is 5 (largest exponent of x)  
z^{2} − z + 3  The Degree is 2 (largest exponent of z) 
Names of Degrees
When we know the degree we can also give it a name!
Degree  Name  Example 

0  Constant  7 
1  Linear  x+3 
2  Quadratic  x^{2}−x+2 
3  Cubic  x^{3}−x^{2}+5 
4  Quartic  6x^{4}−x^{3}+x−2 
5  Quintic  x^{5}−3x^{3}+x^{2}+8 
Example: y = 2x + 7 has a degree of 1, so it is a linear equation
Example: 5w^{2} − 3 has a degree of 2, so it is quadratic
Higher order equations are usually harder to solve:
 Linear equations are easy to solve
 Quadratic equations are a little harder to solve
 Cubic equations are harder again, but there are formulas to help
 Quartic equations can also be solved, but the formulas are very complicated
 Quintic equations have no formulas, and can sometimes be unsolvable!
Degree of a Polynomial with More Than One Variable
When a polynomial has more than one variable, we need to look at each term. Terms are separated by + or  signs:
example of a polynomial with more than one variable 
For each term:
 Find the degree by adding the exponents of each variable in it,
The largest such degree is the degree of the polynomial.
Example: what is the degree of this polynomial:
Checking each term:
 5xy^{2} has a degree of 3 (x has an exponent of 1, y has 2, and 1+2=3)
 3x has a degree of 1 (x has an exponent of 1)
 5y^{3} has a degree of 3 (y has an exponent of 3)
 3 has a degree of 0 (no variable)
The largest degree of those is 3 (in fact two terms have a degree of 3), so the polynomial has a degree of 3
Example: what is the degree of this polynomial:
4z^{3} + 5y^{2}z^{2} + 2yz
Checking each term:
 4z^{3} has a degree of 3 (z has an exponent of 3)
 5y^{2}z^{2} has a degree of 4 (y has an exponent of 2, z has 2, and 2+2=4)
 2yz has a degree of 2 (y has an exponent of 1, z has 1, and 1+1=2)
The largest degree of those is 4, so the polynomial has a degree of 4
Writing it Down
Instead of saying "the degree of (whatever) is 3" we write it like this:
When Expression is a Fraction
We can work out the degree of a rational expression (one that is in the form of a fraction) by taking the degree of the top (numerator) and subtracting the degree of the bottom (denominator).
Here are three examples:
Calculating Other Types of Expressions
Warning: Advanced Ideas Ahead!
We can sometimes work out the degree of an expression by dividing ...
 the logarithm of the function by
 the logarithm of the variable
... then do that for larger and larger values, to see where the answer is "heading".
Where "ln" is the natural logarithm function.
But making a table of values shows what is happening nicely, like this example:
Example: The degree of 3 + √x
Let us try increasing values of x:
x  ln(3 + √x)  ln(x)  \frac{ln(3 + √x)}{ln(x)} 

2  1.48483  0.69315  2.1422 
4  1.60944  1.38629  1.1610 
10  1.81845  2.30259  0.7897 
100  2.56495  4.60517  0.5570 
1,000  3.54451  6.90776  0.5131 
10,000  4.63473  9.21034  0.5032 
100,000  5.76590  11.51293  0.5008 
1,000,000  6.91075  13.81551  0.5002 
Looking at the table:
 as x gets larger then \frac{ln(3 + √x)}{ln(x)} gets closer and closer to 0.5
So the Degree is 0.5 (in other words 1/2)
(Note: this agrees nicely with x^{½} = square root of x, see Fractional Exponents)
Some Degree Values
Expression  Degree 

log(x)  0 
e^{x}  ∞ 
1/x  −1 
√x  1/2 