Conversion of Temperature
Quick Celsius (°C) / Fahrenheit (°F) Conversion:
Conversion Tool
Just type a value in either box:
Or use the slider, or the Interactive Thermometer,
or this method:
°C to °F  Divide by 5, then multiply by 9, then add 32 
°F to °C  Deduct 32, then multiply by 5, then divide by 9 
Typical Temperatures
°C  °F  Description  

180  356  Moderate Oven  
100  212  Water boils  
40  104  Hot Bath  
37  98.6  Body temperature  
30  86  Beach weather  
21  70  Room temperature  
10  50  Cool Day  
0  32  Freezing point of water  
−18  0  Very Cold Day  
−40  −40  Extremely Cold Day (and the same number!) 

(bold are exact) 
16 is about 61
28 is about 82
Explanation
There are two main temperature scales:
 °C, the Celsius Scale (part of the Metric System, used in most countries)
 °F, the Fahrenheit Scale (used in the US), and
They both measure the same thing (temperature!), but use different numbers:
 Boiling water (at normal pressure) measures 100° in Celsius, but 212° in Fahrenheit
 And as water freezes it measures 0° in Celsius, but 32° in Fahrenheit
Like this:
Looking at the diagram, notice:
 The scales start at a different number (0 vs 32), so we will need to add or subtract 32
 The scales rise at a different rate (100 vs 180), so we will also need to multiply
And so, to convert:
\frac{180}{100} can be simplified to \frac{9}{5},
and \frac{100}{180} can be simplified to \frac{5}{9}, so we get this:
°C to °F: Divide by 5, then multiply by 9, then add 32
°F to °C: Subtract 32, then multiply by 5, then divide by 9
Example: Convert 25° Celsius (a nice warm day) to Fahrenheit
First: 25° / 5 = 5
Then: 5 × 9 = 45
Then: 45 + 32 = 77° F
Example: Convert 98.6° Fahrenheit (normal body temperature) to Celsius
First: 98.6° − 32 = 66.6
Then: 66.6 × 5 = 333
Then: 333 / 9 = 37° C
We can swap the order of divide and multiply if we want, but don't change the add or subtract. So this is also OK:
Example: Convert 98.6° Fahrenheit to Celsius (again)
First: 98.6° − 32 = 66.6
Then: 66.6 / 9 = 7.4
Then: 7.4 × 5 = 37° C
(Same answer as before, was it easier or harder this way?)
Fahrenheit to Celsius: (°F − 32) × \frac{5}{9} = °C
Other Methods That Work
Use 1.8 instead of 9/5
9/5 is equal to 1.8, so we can also use this method:
Fahrenheit to Celsius: (°F − 32) / 1.8 = °C
To make "×1.8" easier we can multiply by 2 and subtract 10%, but it only works for °C to °F:
Example: Convert 20° Celsius (A nice day) to Fahrenheit
 20x2 = 40
 less 10% is 40−4 = 36
 36+32 = 68° F
Add 40, Multiply, Subtract 40
Since both scales cross at −40° (−40° C equals −40° F) we can:
 add 40,
 multiply by 5/9 (for °F to °C), or 9/5 (for °C to °F)
 subtract 40
Like this:
Fahrenheit to Celsius: Add 40, multiply by 5/9, then subtract 40
Example: Convert 10° Celsius (A cool day) to Fahrenheit
 10+40 = 50
 50×9/5 = 90
 90−40 = 50° F
To remember 9/5 for °C to °F think "F is greater than C, so there are more °F than °C"
Quick, but Not Accurate
Fahrenheit to Celsius: Subtract 30, then halve
Examples °C → °F:
 0° C → 0+30 → 30° F (low by 2°)
 10° C → 20+30 → 50° F (exact!)
 30° C → 60+30 → 90° F (high by 4°)
 180° C → 360+30 → 390° F (high by 34°, not good)
Examples °F → °C:
 40° F → 10/2 → 5° C (almost right)
 80° F → 50/2 → 25° C (low by about 2°)
 120° F → 90/2 → 45° C (low by about 4°)
 450° F → 420/2 → 210° C (low by about 22°, not good)
Footnote: Temperature is a measure of how fast an objects particles are moving.