Vertically Opposite Angles
Vertically Opposite Angles are the angles opposite each other when two lines cross
Example: a° and b° are vertically opposite angles.
The interesting thing here is that vertically opposite angles are equal:
a° = b°
(in fact they are congruent angles)
Have a play with them yourself. Notice how the 4 angles are actually two pairs of "vertically opposite angles":
Example: Find angles a°, b° and c° below:
Because b° is vertically opposite 40°, it must also be 40°
A full circle is 360°, so that leaves 360° − 2×40° = 280°
Angles a° and c° are also vertically opposite angles, so must be equal, which means they are 140° each.
Answer: a = 140°, b = 40° and c = 140°.