An Improper Fraction has a top number
larger than (or equal to) the bottom number.
It is "top-heavy"
See how the top number is bigger than (or equal to) the bottom number?
That makes it an Improper Fraction, (but there is nothing wrong about Improper Fractions).
Three Types of Fractions
There are three types of fraction:
A Fraction (such as 7/4) has two numbers:
The top number (the Numerator) is the number of parts we have.
The bottom number (the Denominator) is the number of parts the whole is divided into.
Example: 7/4 means:
- We have 7 parts
- Each part is a quarter (1/4) of a whole
So we can define the three types of fractions like this:
|Proper Fractions:||The numerator is less than the denominator|
|Examples: 1/3, 3/4, 2/7|
|Improper Fractions:||The numerator is greater than (or equal to) the denominator|
|Examples: 4/3, 11/4, 7/7|
|Mixed Fractions:||A whole number and proper fraction together|
|Examples: 1 1/3, 2 1/4, 16 2/5|
So an improper fraction is a fraction where the top number (numerator) is greater than or equal to the bottom number (denominator): it is top-heavy.
Can be Equal
What about when the numerator is equal to the denominator? For example 4/4 ?
Well it is the same as a whole, but it is written as a fraction, so most people agree it is a type of improper fraction.
Improper Fractions or Mixed Fractions
We can use either an improper fraction or a mixed fraction to show the same amount. For example 1
3/4 = 7/4, shown here:
Converting Improper Fractions to Mixed Fractions
To convert an improper fraction to a mixed fraction, follow these steps:
Example: Convert 11/4 to a mixed fraction.
Write down the 2 and then write down the remainder (3) above the denominator (4), like this:
Converting Mixed Fractions to Improper FractionsTo convert a mixed fraction to an improper fraction, follow these steps:
Example: Convert 3 2/5 to an improper fraction.
Multiply the whole number by the denominator:
Add the numerator to that:
Then write that down above the denominator, like this:
NO, they aren't bad!
For mathematics they are actually better than mixed fractions. Because mixed fractions can be confusing when we write them down in a formula: are the two parts supposed to be added or multiplied?
|Mixed Fraction:||What is:||1 + 2 1/4||?|
|Is it:||1 + 2 + 1/4||= 3 1/4 ?|
|Or is it:||1 + 2 × 1/4||= 1 1/2 ?|
|Improper Fraction:||What is:||1 + 9/4||?|
|It is:||4/4 + 9/4 = 13/4|
But, for everyday use, people understand mixed fractions better.
Example: It is easier to say "I ate 2 1/4 sausages", than "I ate 9/4 sausages"
- For Mathematics: Improper Fractions
- For Everyday Use: Mixed Fractions